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CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ÔN TẬP TIẾNG ANH 9 CHUYÊN ĐỀ 2: TENSES (SIMPLE PAST & PRESENT PERFECT)

 

CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ÔN TẬP TIẾNG ANH 9

CHUYÊN ĐỀ 2: TENSES (SIMPLE PAST & PRESENT PERFECT) 

1.  SIMPLE PAST TENSE (THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN)

E.g.

1. She watches TV every day. 

2. She watched TV last night.

3. She went to the supermarket three days ago.

* SIMPLE PAST TENSE (THÌ QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN) 

* Ordinary verbs

INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE

wash washed

paint painted

open opened

* Irregular verbs:

infinitive past simple past participle

be was/were been

go went gone

take took taken

buy bought bought

cut cut cut

put put put

read read read

1.1 Form

* to be (was/ were)

(+) S + was/ were…

E.g. I was at home last night.

(-) S + was/were not…

E.g. My brother wasn’t at home last night.

(?) …were/ was + S…?

E.g. Where were they last night?

* Ordinary verbs (động từ thường)

(+) S + V-ed / V2

E.g. I came home late last night.

(-) S + did not + V (infinitive) 

E.g. My brother didn’t come home two days ago.

(?) ...did + S + V(infinitive)?

E.g. What did they do yesterday?

1.2 Use: 

* To talk about finished actions in the past.

E.g. I saw him last Monday.

1.3. Time expressions: Simple past tense

- yesterday

- three days/ years/ months ago

- last night/ Sunday/month 

- in 1999, in the past

1.4. Practice: Simple past tense (thì quá khứ đơn)

Choose the best option (A,B,C or D) to complete the sentences.

1. It was a lovely afternoon, so they…for a walk by the river.

A. go                 B. are going C. went                 D. goes

2. What ... you …at the supermarket last Sunday?

A. are – buy     B. do - buy              C. did - bought     D. didD-buy

3. I … studying English ten years ago.

A. started           B. start                  C. am starting       D. will start

2. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (THÌ HIỆN TẠI HOÀN THÀNH)

E.g. I started studying English ten years ago.

=> I have studied English for ten years.

2.1 Form: Present perfect tense (thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

(+) S + have / has + P.P …

E.g. I have read this book many times.

(-)S + have not (haven't)/has not (hasn't) + P.P

     E.g. My brother hasn’t drunk wine since last year.

(?) …have/has + S + P.P … ?

 

E.g. How long have they been here?

2.2 Use: Present perfect tense (thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

a. To talk about actions that started in the past and continue in the present.

          E.g. My grandmother has lived here for all her life.

 b. To talk about actions happened in an indefinite time in the past.

     E.g. I have lost my keys. I can’t find them now.

2.3 Time expressions: Present perfect tense (thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

- since + a point of time

      E.g. since 1919, since I was born 

        - for + a period of time

     E.g. for ten years, for three hours

              - Adverbs: recently, already, yet, never, ever…

Practice

Exercise 1: Use the present perfect or simple past of the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences.

1. Jack and his friend ....................each other for 10 years now.(know)

2. My parents .........in New York last month. (be)

3. I ......................Peter since I ..............here yesterday. (not see / arrive)

4. A: ..................................your homework yet? (complete)

5. B: Yes. I ..................it an hour ago. (complete)

 

Exercise 2: Use the present perfect or simple past of the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences.

1. Jack and his friend _____ each other for 10 years now.(know)

2. My parents _____in New York last month. (be)

3. I _____Peter since I _____here yesterday. (not see / arrive)

4. A: _____ you _____your homework yet? (complete)

5. B: Yes. I _____it an hour ago. (complete)

3. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION

3.1 Rewrite the sentence without changing the meaning, using cues given.

1. This is the first time I have seen this film. (never)

     It/this/that is the first time + S + have/ has + Ved/3

                                           never

     S + have/ has +    not      + Ved/3………before

       

                           Ex: This is the first time we have listened to this song. (never) 

                                    

          I have never seen this film before.

2. I started studying English 3 years ago. (for)

 

                                                               in + time.

                 S + began/started + V-ing / to V … + time + ago 

    S + have/has + V-ed/3… since/ for + time

     

          My sister started collecting stamps 5 years ago. (for)

 

3. She last went skiing when she was 20 years old. (since)

      

              S + (last) Ved/2 + when + S + Ved/2

              S + have/ has + not + Ved/3 ….+ since + S + Ved/2

              They last met their grandparents when they were 10 years old. (since)

 

    4. It's ten years since I last saw him. (for)

 

              It’s + time + since + S + (last) + Ved/2…

          S + have/ has + not + Ved/3… for + time

        It's two years since he last climbed the mountains.(for)

 

Practice: Rewrite the sentences without changing the meaning, using cues given.

1. Tom . Tom hasn’t had his hair cut for over three months.  (since)

=> It’s ..............................................................................................................

2. It is the first time I have read this book. (never)

=> I ..................................................................................................................

3. I haven’t seen him since I left school. (last)

=> I ..................................................................................................................

4. It started raining two days ago. (for)

=> It ................................................................................................................


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